Baseline wander removal methods for ECG signals: A comparative study

Francisco Perdigon Romero, Liset Vázquez Romaguer, Cícero Ferreira Fernandes Costa Filho, Marly Guimarães Fernandes, João Evangelista Neto, Carlos Román Vázquez-Seisdedos, Carlos Román Vázquez-Seisdedos


Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a non-invasive technique widely used for the detection of cardiac diseases. To increase diagnostic sensitivity, ECG is acquired during exercise stress tests or in ambulatory way. Under these acquisition conditions, the ECG is strongly affected by some types of noises, mainly by baseline wander (BLW). In this work, nine methods, widely used, for the elimination of BLW were implemented, which are: interpolation using cubic splines, finite impulse response (FIR) filter, infinite impulse response (IIR) filter, least mean square adaptive filtering, moving-average filter, independent component analysis, interpolation and successive subtraction of median values in RR interval, empirical mode decomposition, and wavelet filtering. For the quantitative evaluation, the following similarity metrics were used: absolute maximum distance, the sum of squares of distances and percentage root-mean-square difference. Several experiments were performed using synthetic ECG signals generated by ECGSYM software, real ECG signals from QT Database, artificial BLW generated by software and real BLW from the Noise Stress Test Database. The best results were obtained by the method based on FIR high-pass filter with a cut-off frequency of 0.67 Hz.

Palabras clave

ECG, baseline wander, ICA, EMD, FIR filters

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